The Idea Of Some Countries Described As Developed Is More Of A Mirage Than Real Term paper

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In this paper, I will talk about who are the developed (the North), and developing (the South) countries, factors to consider when branding a country to any of the above titles and leading developed countries. In particular, take close look at US and Canada social problems and un-catched media realities on ground. In the end, I will specifically glance at Canada social problems and the possible ways to address them. Development is a condition that involves the satisfaction of basic needs of all of the people as well as the means for them to live fulfilling and productive lives based on the creation of a more diversified, sophisticated and sustainable economy. There is no established convention for the designation of “developed\" and \"developing\" countries or areas in the United Nations system. Kofi Anan, former Secretary General of the United Nations, defined a developed country as follows: \"A developed country is one that allows all its citizens to enjoy a free and healthy life in a safe environment. A developed country can be defined through economic growth and security. Most commonly the criteria for evaluating the degree of development is to look at gross domestic product (GDP), the per capita income, level of industrialization, amount of widespread infrastructure and general standard of living. On the other hand, developing or less developed country is simply a nation of low level of material well-being. However, some developing countries have high average standards of living. Countries with more advanced economies than other developing nations, but which have not yet fully demonstrated signs of developed countries are categorised under the term ”Newly industrialized countries” Economic criteria to measure development are income per capita, industrialization and the most recent one, Human Development Index (HDI). Countries with high gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, tertiary and quaternary sectors of the industry dominate are described as developed nations. The HDI has recently become prominent measure and it combines economic measure, national income with other measures, indices of life expectancy and education to rate countries. This criterion will define developed countries as those with a very high HDI rating. Considering all these factors to rank world nations, the Group of Eight (G8) countries are the World’s largest economies. It originated from a 1975 summit hosted by France that brought together representatives of six governments: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States thus leading to the name Group of Six or G6. The summit became known as the Group of Seven or G7 the following year with the addition of Canada. In 1997, Russia was added to group which then became known as the G8. The predominantly English speaking countries Canada and United States are among the wealthiest and most developed countries in the G8 and in the world. The United State is by far the largest economy in North America and largest national economy in the world. In 2011, the US has an estimated per capita gross domestic product (PPP) of $47,200, and is the most technologically developed economy in North America. The United States\' services sector comprises 76.7 percent of the country\'s GDP (estimated in 2010), industry comprises 22.2 percent and agriculture comprises 1.27 percent. Canada\'s economic trends and are similar to that of the United States, with significant growth in the sectors of services, mining and manufacturing. Canada\'s GDP (PPP) was estimated at $39,400 in 2010. Canada\'s services sector comprises 78 percent of the country\'s GDP (estimated in 2010), industry comprises 20% and agriculture comprises 2 percent. Despite this strong and booming economy in Canada and US, are people living happy lives with clean environment, free healthcare, perfect security and affordable housing? Is it possible some other far less economy nations than US and Canada their citizens live happy lives than those in North America? Social problems in US range from poor health care, racism, discrimination against culture, age, sex and religion to society moral conflicts such as abortion, drugs, suicide and prostitution. USA has the third highest public healthcare expenditure per capita, because of the high cost of medical care in the country although not all people are insured. It is the only wealthy, industrialized nation that does not ensure that all citizens have coverage (i.e. some kind of private or public health insurance). In 2004, the Institute of Medicine report observed \"lack of health insurance causes roughly 18,000 unnecessary deaths every year in the United States.\" While a 2009 Harvard study estimated that 44,800 excess deaths occurred annually due to lack of Health insurance. The U.S. Census Bureau reported that a record 50.7 million residents (which includes 9.9 million non-citizens) or 16.7% of the population were uninsured in 2009. More money per person is spent on health care in the USA than in any other nation in the world, and a greater percentage of total income in the nation is spent on health care than in any United Nation member state except for East Timor. Health care in the United States is provided by many separate legal entities. Facilities are largely owned and operated by the private sector and Health insurance is now primarily provided by the government in the public sector. Many people in the U.S. have some prejudices against other races. In the view of the US Human Rights Network, a network of scores of US civil rights and human rights organizations, \"Discrimination permeates all aspects of life in the United States, and extends to all communities of color.\" Discrimination against African Americans, Latin Americans, and Muslims is widely acknowledged. Members of every major American ethnic minority have perceived racism in their dealings with other minority groups. Formal racial discrimination was largely banned in the mid- 20th century, and came to be perceived as socially unacceptable and/or morally repugnant as well, yet racial politics remain a major phenomenon. During 2008 American presidential campaign, for example, News consistently referred to Barack Obama as “black” candidate, while there was never any mention of John McCain’s “whiteness”. Poverty is defined as the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possession. In general the United States has some of the highest relative poverty rates among industrialized countries. According to the U.S. Census Bureau data released Tuesday September 13th, 2011, the nation\'s poverty rate rose to 15.1% (46.2 million) in 2010, up from 14.3% (approximately 43.6 million) in 2009 and to its highest level since 1993. In 2008, 13.2% (39.8 million) Americans lived in relative poverty. In 2000, the poverty rate for individuals was 12.2% and for families was 9.3%. based on the income level. The poverty level for 2011 was set at $22,350 (total yearly income) for a family of four. According to a 2008 report released by the Carsey Institute at the University of New Hampshire, on average, rates of poverty are persistently higher in rural and inner city parts of the country as compared to suburban areas. The number of people in the U.S. who are in poverty is increasing to record levels with the ranks of working-age poor approaching 1960s levels that led to the national war on poverty. Teenage in the age group of 15 to 24 commit Anomie suicide in United States with 4,000 cases in 2004. Anomie is a state of normless that results from the lack of clear goals and creates feelings of confusion that ultimately leads to suicide. For example, some students suffer Anomie when they attend school but really do not know what they want to do as career, or when they have graduated after working hard in school and receiving good grades but still cannot find jobs. Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death for all those age 10 and over, with 33,289 suicides for all US citizens in 2006. Teachers are instructed what to do and students are made robots to just focus what they are given
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