The God of small things Essay

The God Of Small Things Term paper

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“The commercialism and political colonization in The God of small things” The God of Small Things tells the story of one family in the town of Ayemenem in Kerala. The God of Small Things presents an often mixture of different times, images, stories and sensations from the past blend together with present moments. The characters are hybrid means not purely Indian not purely British. The post colonial experience has made the goal of harmonious family relationships that much more difficult. Although The God of Small Things tells the story of the Ipe family and their adjustments to the postcolonial situation in Kerala. The novel depicts the personal life of the family with the political life and social caste system of the society. The family includes Mammachi, her two grown children, Ammu and Chacko, who are both divorced and have returned home, and Ammu’s seven-year-old twins: a daughter, Rahel, and a son, Estha. In this novel Roy talks about the changing scene in India and she also focus on idea how western culture primates the life of Indians. As Baby kochamma loves to watch TV programs of BBC America. Baby Kochamma followed American NBA league games, one-day cricket and all the Grand Slam tennis tournaments, on weekdays she watched The Bold and the Beautiful and Santa Barbara. All these English programs reveal the fact that the colonized people of India still attracted by the culture of western colonizers. They mimic it and copy it by watching English programs and by using English language as Baby Kochamma make the twins to write hundred times each” I will always speak English”. Whenever she caught them while conversing in their native language Malayalam. They followed the western culture in their business as well, their grandmother Mammachi’s old pickle factory named as “Paradise Pickles & preserves” this English name first reveal the theme of preservation that the old lady Mammachi wanted to preserve the old customs and traditions. It was Chacko, Mammachi’s son who arrived back from Oxford University. As he returned from Europe and he was trained in that civilization where labeling things was very important and he learnt it from the west culture so he labeled the factory with the name of “Paradise Pickles & Preserve”. He followed their culture and introduced it in India as local name of the factory is not acceptable and nobody will buy anything from them. So the factory was labeled with the western name not with their native language, not as with Indian name “Parashuram pickles”. It was Chacko’s idea to paint Billboard on the Plymouth’s roof. The arrival of billboards refers to the arrival of western culture and it depicts the changing face of India in 1970s and onwards. Then there is a reference of the “History house”. It was the house of an Englishman who now had gone native as he adopted their language “Malayalam”. He was not native Indian but an Englishman who is cruel like Kurtz in the novel “Heart of Darkness”. The History House belonged to Kari Saipu who was actually an Englishman. Kari Saipu was a symbol of the colonizer as the kind of man to steal Indian dreams and “redream” them, an Englishman trying to take on the culture of India. India gained its independence from Britain years earlier, but evidence of British culture is everywhere like the fact that the family speaks English and is going to see a movie in English. The Ipe family went to watch an English movie in the cinema this depicts their deep attraction towards the colonizers culture. It shows the glimpses of changing India and mixing of culture. As in the cinema while watching movie, Estha was singing English song and there was a Orangedrink Lemondrink man who offered drink to Estha but he refused by saying that he has finished his pocket money. He first stopped Estha not to sing English song and then by hearing the word pocket money he asked Estha that from where he belongs to? Is he come from moon? He asked such question because he was surprised to hear this word pocket money and English song as he was not familiar with English language that belongs to British colonizers. The theme of cultural loyalty arrives along with Sophie Mol and Margaret Kochamma. They represent the foreign culture but also that which does not belong to them. At the hotel, history is manipulated until it is suitably attractive to foreign eyes: historical buildings and rooms are converted into lounging and dining areas and traditional kathkali dances, Cultures are combined, resulting in strange hybrids that are authentic in the eyes of no one except perhaps a tourist. Sophie encapsulates this process by her appearance alone as she has \"Pappachi\'s nose,\" but her skin is light and her eyes are blue. She seems neither English nor Indian and for this reason she is both fascinating and threatening. The members of the Ipe family deal with a variety of social and political influences that cause much internal and external struggle in the novel. Marxist ideas have taken root and begin to upset the class system of landlords and laborers and Chacko was agreed with their ideas in practice he still upholds the class divisions between landlord and laborer. On the large scale, “The God of small things” is about politics and political colonization which through its various agencies exercises decisive influence over the lives of the people of Ayemenem the hypocrite Marxist leader Mr. K.N.M. Pillai who does not leave any opportunity to oppress anyone for personal gains. It is also ironic to see Mr. Pillai using Marxism for the personal gains rather than for poor laborers or the lower class. Mr. Pillai uses the factory workers for his purposes. Comrade K. N. M. Pillai waylaid the workers of Paradise Pickles and shepherded them into his printing press. In his reedy, piping voice he urged them on to revolution. In his speeches he managed a clever mix of pertinent local issues. He urges them to ready for revolution against Chacko. He says “People of the World,” he would chirrup, “be courageous, dare to fight, defy difficulties and advance wave upon wave. Then the whole world will belong to the People. Monsters of all kinds shall be destroyed. You must demand what is rightfully yours. Yearly bonus. Provident fund. Accident insurance.” Although Comrade K. N. M. Pillai never came out openly against Chacko. He never referred to him by name, but always as “the Management” As though Chacko was many people. Apart from it being tactically the right thing to do, this disjunction between the man and his job helped Comrade Pillai to keep his conscience clear about his own private business dealings with Chacko. The only snag in Comrade K. N. M. Pillai’s plans was Velutha. He was untouchable so Pillai uses him as a tool for achieving his own desires Though India is now free from colonization but still native people of India were busy to colonize, to suppress their native fellows just to gain personal benefits from them as the British colonizers done previously. In “The God of Small Things” where Roy uses her characters as national allegories to critique an India where the weak and unprotected, namely the women, children, untouchables and nature are suppressed and suffer tremendously due to the “social machine” that intrudes into the smallest and deepest core of their being and changes their lives. Although now India is free from the colonization but still they are under that suppressed notion and now they are suppressed by their native people who are landlords and from high social class.

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