Vietnamese communication style reflected from the comedy named âChém chuá»i cuá»i tuần (mÆ°á»n tình), ep 14â Essay

Vietnamese Communication Style Reflected From The Comedy Named Ch M Chu I Cu I Tu N M N T Nh Ep 14 Essay

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According to Vietnamese people, communication not only reflects the culture of a country or a region but also exposes the human essence. It is because culture plays an important role in forming the way people think, speak and behave ;the ways people interact tell who they are ;meanwhile both culture and human essence are mainly expressed through communication. So what is communication? And what is culture? Communication is defined as a symbolic, interpretive, transaction, contextual process in which people create shared meanings. The message of the communication can be transferred through a word, an action, an object, a perception, thought and feeling which help the participants understand what the others are trying to communicate and reach an agreement on the issues mentioned. With regard to Culture, According to Lustig and Koester (2003), culture is \"a learned set of shared interpretations about beliefs, values, and norms, which affect the behaviors of a relatively large group of people”. Indeed, infants do not have any idea about culture until they interact with adult and learn from them. In order to deeply understand a culture, considering its concepts such as cultural patterns (beliefs, values, norms, and cultural practices), cultural identity, cultural biases and cultural dimensions are necessary. However, there is no need to analyze in all aspects because they all have connections. The culture of a region can be shown in a very simple situation like the one in a Vietnamese comedy episode named “Chém chuối cuối tuần (mướn tình) ep14” that I am going to scrutinize. This episode is about the habit of visiting relatives after months-long business trip, greeting and inquiring after relatives. The concepts that will be used to analyze this situation are cultural dimensions (high power distance, collectivism, and femininity) and communication norms. This series is about a 43 year old man, who has not got married yet and he does not have a girlfriend also, meanwhile his parents have a burning desire to have grandchildren and a daughter-in-law. This Tet holiday, they decide to “force” his only son to take his girlfriend to their hometown. In order to deal with this situation, he hires a girl working at a massage parlour to pretend to be his girlfriend. When he takes her to his home, their parents are so happy that they want to flaunt to everyone in their village. The situation reach climax when his parents decide to celebrate the wedding for them in this Tet holiday. They both disagree on this plan, so Thin- name of this man tends to send her back to the city without thinking about his feeling for her. While she is on the way to the bus station, Thin’s family ask him about the problem and persuade him to run after her. Finally, they have a happy ending. The episode that I’m about to talk is episode 14, which is after several days being at hometown, Thin and his fake girlfriend are told to go to visit his relatives. First and foremost, the dominant dimension in this scene is high power distance which means that all individuals accept the power distance as a way of life. Vietnam is a social republic state and has a high power distance. The power in Vietnam is not distributed equally but this is accepted as part of the culture from all ends of the social classes. It can be explained by the effect of Confucianism dyad which emphasizes on basic human relationships, accepted values and norms of behavior in primary social institutions. Children listen to parents’ words, and show their respect and gratitude to the older. Typically, in the comedy, Thin visits his relative as the order of his father. When he runs across the senior people, he greets the oldest one first and then the younger one. He talks to them with honorific words such as” cháu chào chú!, cháu chào cô!”. Meanwhile when he meets the youngsters who do not greet his mate, he scolds them. It can be concluded that greeting is a habit ingrained into Vietnamese people’s mind and through the way people greet, we can know the social position or age of the communication participants. The second dimension that is used to analyze this episode is collectivism. A culture is called as collectivism when people in their group have stronger bonds and group membership forms a person’s self identity. Vietnamese culture is strongly orientated around family and community because of the Confucian and the wet rice civilization roots. Confucian states that family comes before oneself. Therefore they value the collective rather than the individual. Meanwhile the agriculture fosters the relationship of people in a village or a community since farmers have to unite to confront the harsh nature and create new varieties of plant. However, in this day and age, along with the globalization and urbanization, these bonds are gradually loosened. It is very hard to find a close relationship with neighbors in the city. Only in countryside, this relationship still remains tightly. Thin’s story has filmed at a typical village in Vietnam, where family, community and other moral and cultural values are preserved. In This scene, the collectivism is shown clearly when he and his partner visit his relatives and neighbors ;he comes to over 80 houses with a small gift for each one to inquire after them. This custom is very common when neighbors drop in each other’s house frequently, but it can be considered as a compulsory rule for those who have just come back to hometown after months or years. Vietnamese people assume that paying visits will show their respect to others, shorten the distance and heat up their relationship. Last but not least, Masculinity is highly valued in Vietnam. Because Vietnam follows the Confucianism dyad of the father to son relationship and this signifies that the father is always the head of the household. However in the social communication, femininity is more favorable. It is the concept about the culture in which people value maintaining good relationship, caring for the weak and quality of life. Vietnamese people are interested in paying a call to strengthen ties with neighbors and relatives. They take emotion as the communicational principle and prefer tactful, thoughtful and harmonious communication style. Therefore, in order not to displease others, they often smile. Besides, people often ask others about personal questions such as age, family, job, education because they believe that they have responsibilities for caring about others and want to know some information to use the correct form of address also. Indeed, to Vietnamese, ways to address are divided according to the relation in family, age, sex, and social position. They are not simple as the western’s who uses just name, some other pronouns like “I” and “you”, and title such as “Mr.” and “Mrs.” before the name, Vietnamese people call others by addressing the name of the relationship such as “uncle”, “aunt”, “sister”, “brother” and ects before the name of this person. In this film, Thin visits his relatives and neighbors in order to show his care and maintain their relationship as well. Although he just comes by for a while, it is very nice. When he meets some older people in the village, he stops the motorbike to greet and ask them some questions relating to their work ;meanwhile they ask him about his girlfriend and his holiday. They both show the happiness in their face. After that, Thin meets some adolescents and knows that they are going to play card games, he tells them to come back to help their parents prepare for Tet. They are just short conversations but full of care. In short, culture is not a theory that separate from our lives ;it exists in every person in a community and can be reflected by the way people communicate. To understand the culture, we need to consider it in every concept and find links among them. As for the visiting relatives case which is analyzed by three cultural dimensions, the influence of Confucian and wet rice civilization formed the way Vietnamese people communicate and treat each other.

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