Dachshunds Essay

Dachshunds Essay

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Development of the Dachshund The current Dachshunds (also known as Teckels, Dachels, or Dachsels) originated in Germany. In fact, the name Dachshund is German for "badger dog," indicating why these dogs were originally bred to hunt badgers. German hunters in the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries, mixed a variety of breeds together, aiming for a fearless, elongated dog that could dig the earth from a badger burrow, and fight to the death with the vicious badgers who were unlucky enough to inhabit that burrow. Dachshunds have also been used to hunt foxes, wild boar, deer, and otter. Miniatures were used to hunt hares. Today, dachshunds are bred as pets ;some in Europe are still used as hunters. Life span is usually about twelve to fifteen years and litter size is three to four puppies. In the United States there are, in total six types of Dachshund. Dachshunds go in with the group of hounds and AKC (American Kennel Club) hounds. The dachshund is an elongated, vigorous, muscular dog, with short legs and bent front legs of the basset. Dachshunds carry themselves proudly and have an intelligent expression. It has a long head and a slight convex skull, like a terrier. Dachshunds also have arched and protruding eyebrows, and a long muzzle, strong jaws with nonpendent lips, and bites like pincers or scissors with extremely strong canine teeth. Dachshunds usually have about 42 teeth. Their eyes are oval, dark red or brown-black with an energetic and friendly expression. Their ears are mobile and hang long on their cheeks like hound-type ears. Their bodies have a strong protruding sternum and a moderately retracted abdomen. They carry their tail in line with their back. Dachshunds come in two sizes: miniature (less than ten to eleven pounds) and standard (all the rest, but usually above 16-32 pounds). In fact, in Germany, the dogs are identified as standard, which are eight to nine inches, miniature that are five to six inches, or Kaninchentechel, based on a chest measurement taken at the age of fifteen months. For each size, there are three coats: smooth coated which are dense, short, glossy, smooth, and sheds. Longhaired which are: soft, straight, silky, slightly wavy, and shiny. Wire-haired are short, straight, and harsh with a long undercoat, rough and hard. Although solid red, black, and tan predominate in all three-coat types, several other colors, including chocolate and tan, fawn, cream, and gray are permissible in the breed as are single and double dapple and bridle patterns. Single dapples involve two colors, neither one predominating ;double dapples add white patches to the mix. Dappled dachshunds can have blue or partially blue eyes. Bridle is a striped pattern and can occur in solid-colored and two-colored dogs. Most of the dachshunds are chestnut, brown, black, tan, red, dapple, and mixture with some gray, but never white. Dachshunds have a few special skills like their family pets, hunting dogs above and below ground, they like to dig, very alert, compulsive and protective. They are also good to travel with. Physical Characteristics and Temperament Their long backs and short legs recognize dachshunds. They are low to the ground, which allows them to enter and maneuver through tunnels for hunting, or through covers or under low tables. Senses are all well developed and are very brave and independent. Smooths are more alert, bold, and friendly. Longhaired timid reserved, and requires patience. Wire-haired are active, also friendly, and stubborn. They are all very lively, intelligent, courageous, sassy, clownish, playful, spirited, good companion. Their temperament with children is pretty good if their first experience with a child is positive. Temperaments with other pets co-exist peacefully ;many are bossy, quick to bite, like to dominate other dogs, there jealous, and irritable. With cats they must be socialized when young to accept and with strangers acceptances is low. Learning rate for obedience is normal and problem solving is very good. Dachshunds bark pretty loud for their size, which makes them pretty good watchdogs. Dachshunds have a strong sense of smell that can lead to attention shortage. General Care and Grooming Dachshunds need regular brushing with bristle brush. Dry shampoo or bath when necessary. Smooth-haired can be rubbed down occasional with damp cloth. Ear cleaning ever so often and nail clipping a few times a year. Exercising is important for Dachshunds because they have a tendency to put on weight and become lazy. Dachshunds like both indoors and outdoors. Many adult dogs that end up at animal shelters on death row got there due to neglect in proper potty training. Dachshunds are pretty easy to train. In the first two weeks training can literally be a lifesaver if you should have to give your dog up. It can also prevent you from being forced to give up your dog due to neighbor's complaints or the law forcing you to put your dog to sleep, in the case of biting. A crate is another word for an airline carrier or a pet carrier. They are valuable training aids for housebreaking and prevention of evil habits. Dogs really love there crates as long as they are properly used as a place of refuge. On the other hand, if a dog is not walked often enough, and he goes to the bathroom in his crate, the training may be reversed. If the dog gets used to a dirty crate, he may become nearly impossible to housebreak. The living environment is basically anywhere like an apartments or house, city or country. Health Issues It is extremely important to keep a Dachshund from getting overweight and keep them from jumping from high heights, because their long back can cause slipped or ruptured discs through the additional strain placed on their spinal cord. This can result in partial or full paralysis. Dachshunds are fragile dogs. Also the can have heart disease, and urinary track problems, plus diabetes. Genetic eye disease and skin problems also can occur. The best owner is one that is consistent patient leader, firm training required, and needs to try and avoid spoiling. Work Cities Katherine Nicholas, Anna and Foy, Marcia, The Dachshund, (320 pages) October 1987. New Jersey, TFH "CyberQuest" http://www.puppydogweb.com/caninebreeds/dachshun.htm, February 11, 1997-2000. Entertainment.

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