Apartheid In South Africa Essay

Apartheid In South Africa Term paper

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Apartheid in South Africa Introduction: Apartheid is the policy of racial separation formerly followed in South Africa. The word apartheid means separateness in the Afrikaans language. It also describes the rigid racial division imposed by the governing white minority on the black (African, Colored, and Indian) population in South Africa. An agreement was reached in November 1993 pledging an end to apartheid, and South Africa held its first non-racial elections in 1994. Apartheid was much criticized and vilified internationally and many countries imposed economic sanctions on South Africa because of it. Despite the end of legal apartheid, the vast social, economic, and political inequalities was established between white and black South Africans. Describes the situation: Apartheid is the situation in which the National Party of South Africa made legislation s not allowing the black people to vote. The National Party introduced apartheid as part of its campaign in the 1948 elections. With its victory, apartheid became the governing political policy for South Africa until the early 1990s. The Prime Minister of Native Affairs Dr H. F. Verwoerd claimed apartheid was built on a long history of racial segregation and discriminatory laws intended to ensure white supremacy. Apartheid laws prohibited most social contact between races, and authorized segregated public facilities (such as reserving certain beaches for the use of whites only, or making separate entrances in post offices). The institutions of apartheid were the exclusion of blacks from any share in political power, and economic control by the white government. Also a network of laws kept a structure of discrimination, exploitation, and deprivation, in which Coloureds and Indians formed oppressed votes in relation to whites, but had considerable privileges compared to black Africans. A picture of South Africa s former white government, which established a black township in order the segregate the country s black and white populations. Identifies the Reasons given to justify the situation: The main reasons the white government wanted the blacks to be separate was because they didn t want them to vote and take part in any political and democratical activities. They also made apartheid as a means to cement their control over the economic and social system of South Africa. The government made laws that required the black Africans to carry passbooks so that the government could regulate their travel through the country. A few months later after apartheid took off there were rules that restricted and regulated the black population to a minor percentage of the nations land, established separate public facilities for whites only, and made the blacks register their race with the government. This was to make the whites supremer over the black population. A table of the disproportionate treatment and unfairness the whites had comparing to the blacks. Describes the moral principles being violated: The main moral principles being violated were the amount of mass killings, racism towards the blacks, unfair treatment and the whites weren t treating the blacks, as God would have wanted. Examples of the following are as follows. In June 16,1976 the government, in an effort to suppress the civil unrest killed 575 innocent black victims over eight months. In June 17,1992 more than 40 blacks were killed in the South African Township of Boipatong and in March13-31, 1994 also 53 blacks were killed in gun battles. After the end of apartheid, the numerous counts of violence claimed more than 1,500 lives since the beginning of 1992. Racism was a key that caused many deaths and suicides. It also put pressure on the black community as they were facing problems with the government. These problems were the government designating large amounts of land for the white majority, where as the blacks had nowhere to live but in the slums. The unfairness acts refers to the above table. Suggests how the situation could have been avoided if Christian moral principles were applied in the first place: This situation could have easily been avoided if the white government left the blacks alone and gave them all the rights they deserved. They shouldn t have made the apartheid legislation so the whole population of South Africa could live in peace and harmony. If moral principles were applied the whites shouldn t have made laws against the blacks, they could have also avoided being racist, killing each other, acting selfishly, treating each other unfairly and working together to sort the hard problem. After the agreement in 1993 pledging an end to apartheid, South Africa made a rule of laws allowing blacks freedom and all the rights they needed for a new life. This was seen as the end of apartheid. Until this day South Africa have had their few ups and downs but not any legal, democratical and political feuds have broken out. In 1990 South African President F. W. de Klerk proclaimed a formal end to apartheid, and in 1993, de Klerk and African National Congress President Nelson Mandela received a joint Nobel Peace Prize for their work in bringing racial harmony to South Africa.

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