Clinton Foreign Policy Essay

Clinton Foreign Policy Term paper

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Clinton Foreign PolicyThe topic for this paper is the United States policy towards the Caribbean countryof Haiti during the Clinton administration. The subjects which will be discussed are theissues of: Refugees, Foreign Aide as well as human rights the United States involvementin Haiti issues of national interests. What will also be examined is what the Clintonadministration trying to achieve concerning Haiti. What the United Nations and the U.S. roles were, and what the public thought was concerning these issues. Also why theUnited States was involved with the internal dispute of a third world country where thenational interest was not clearly defined. The issue of why was it or was not soimportant for the United States to send troops to Haiti will also be discussed. Theproblem in Haiti was the pro democratic elected president Aristide was exile from Haitiduring a military coup. Several issues arose out of Haiti after the exile of Aristide.Issues of: human rights there were reports that the new regime brought back "deathsquads" killing people who opposed the new leaders. One of the main targets of theClinton policy is a group called the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti ofFRAPH. The administration has targeted this group for their continued backing andsupport of General Cedras, for their human rights violations. Issues of , refugee's illegally trying to enter the United States creating aneconomic burden on much of south Florida. All of these issues arose during presidentBush's term in office. The Bush administration was to turn back the refugee's. The Bushadministration saw no vital national interest in concerning it self with the internalproblems of Haiti ,because there were so many problems at home in the United States,other than to turn the refugee's away from south Florida. When president Clinton tookover the office of the presidency he would become very indecisive and weak on the issueof Haiti. President Clinton began badly on Haiti. With his continual indecision and lack ofany real back bone to the policies which were decided upon. "First, he gave charge of hispolicy to Bush administration holdovers who over the previous year had made clear theirintent to construct in Haiti a version of democracy that left the president in exile but withan Aristide - appointed prime minister and cabinet. This tortured scenario was doomed   ;to failure because over two thirds of the Haitian people equated democratic governmentwith the return of Aristide and no arrangement that excluded his presence could rulewithout massive repression.""The Clinton foreign policy team so recognized this error and appointed a formerambassador wise in the ways of Latin American dictators, Lawrence Pezzullo to head upHaitian policy. Things began to move. In mid 1993, a United Nations sponsoredagreement was signed a Governors Island, New York. In return for removal of the oil cutoff which Clinton administration had promoted within the United Nations, plus a four -month transition period, the army agreed to the return of President Aristide, theinstallation of a consensus government and replacement of the army high command." Itlooked as though a transition from arbitrary, oligarchic rule towards constitutionalgovernment had been found. In short the Clinton foreign policy towards Haiti was to remove the leaders of themilitary coup and return exiled President Jean - Bertrand Aristide to power. The policywas also designed to put pressure on the military government in the way of a UnitedNations trade embargo. the hope was to bring the leader of the new government to theirknees and hope the leaders would return the government back to the people of Haiti. The history and the political background of Haiti is a history of oligarchic rule,and fear of the government. Their country in the early part of the century until 1950'swas basically under the thumb of the United States government. "In 1915, the UnitedStates , acting under the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, occupied Haiti tostraighten out its finances, pay off foreign debts , and ensure stable government.maccarone3 When the Marines departed in 1933, their principal legacy was a constabulary officeredby light - skinned mulattos. The tension between the ruling mulatto elite and the blackmajority runs like a discordant motif through Haiti's turbulent history."In 1956, blacks surged into control with the election of Francois "Papa Doc"Duvalier. Papa Doc installed a reign of terror directed primarily against the eliteprofessional class. His son, Jean Claude, "Baby Doc" became president -for - life uponthe death of the elder Duvalier. Baby Doc possessed none of his father's politicaldexterity. His marriage into one of Haiti's richest families cost him popular support.High levels of corruption combined with sporadic te

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