Charles Cotesworth Pinckney At The Constitutional Essay

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Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney was born on February 25th, 1746 at Charleston, the eldest son of a politically prominent planter and a remarkable mother who introduced and promoted indigo culture in ...
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney at the Constitutional ConventionWhat were the objectives of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney? How did hecontribute to the "Miracle in Philadelphia"? This prosperous delegate from South Carolina took the floor early and showed how important his statewould be. Backed up by his fellow delegates, he displayed determination infighting for a government which would help South Carolina. Pinckney wantedhigher representation for the southern states so that plantation ownerscould continue to maintain the
The History Of The U.S. Constitution
The History of the U.S. Constitution By 1786, the Confederation of the United States was in danger of resolution. They were not satisfied with a national government that ...
society that was important to them.Slavery was an issue of great significance to him. His speeches andquestions helped shape the government then and now. Charles CotesworthPinckney was an influential delegate at the Constitutional Convention of1787. The first subjects of debate at the convention were of the Articles ofConfederation. Many delegates came with the intention to revise andimprove them, but Virginia proposed a new form of government, one thatwould unify the states, based on principles
George Washington George Washington was the father of our country. He was a strong individual. Washington was born in 1732 in Westmoreland county, Virginia. His ...
different from those of theArticles of Confederation. Mr. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney doubted whetherthe delegates were permitted to discuss a form of government differentfrom that of the Articles of Confederation. The South Carolinians feared agovernment which may injure their society. They warned that they couldstrengthen a new government, if it were not a threat to their society. (MeeJr. pg. 97)General Pinckney recognized the weakness of the old Articles. Becausethey did not do what they were established to do, Pinckney agreed thatthe Articles of Confederation should be replaced. He "Resolved that inorder . . . to accomplish the objectives proposed by the Confederation amore effective government consisting of a Legislature, Executive andJudiciary ought to be established."(Mr. Wagner handout) South Carolinadecided to try to support, but better, this new government. (Mr. WagnerHandout) When a vote was taken for the Articles of Confederation to be abolished,it passed. The delegates now had to revise the government system proposedby Virginia. Three branches of government were under the Virginia Plan. The Legislative Branch would consist of two houses, the lower House ofDelegates and the upper Senate. The Executive Branch would be headed byone person, the president. The last branch was the Judiciary Branch, witha Supreme Court and as many courts beneath it as Congress thoughtnecessary. There were important discussions concerning the Branches butthe most discussion arose about the Legislative Branch. The first issue to be resolved was how many representatives each statewould receive. Some delegates, especially those in the smaller states,believed that each state should have the same number of delegates. Theother delegates thought that this would be foolish. They thought that thenumber of representatives each state would receive should be based onpopulation. Mr. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney thought the larger house,the House of Delegates, should be based on population. The smaller house,the Senate, should have one vote per state. After many days of debate,the delegates realized that the issue had come to a complete impasse.Neither side was willing to give. Finally the delegates compromised,agreeing that the number of representatives in the House would be based onrepresentation and every state would have one vote (changed to two voteslater) in the Senate. The Compromise on representation in the LegislativeBranch was the first of a long line of compromises. (Mr. Wagner Handout)With the issue decided on the House being elected by population, thedelegates had to define population. The southern states naturally wantedto include their slaves in the count. The Northern states believed thatslavery was immoral and refused to count the slaves in the census. Slaverywas a heated issue throughout the convention. The southern needed it tothrive. The Northern states did not want a government with slaves.Several delegates suggested that the slaves may be counted as three-fifthsof a person. South Carolina disagreed. Pinckney and the other delegatesinsisted that their blacks be included equally in the census. (Madisonpg. 268)Northern delegates argued that the slaves of the South were 'property'. As the Southern states pushed to have the slaves counted, they realizedthat if the slaves were property then they should not count them any morethan other products. Mr. James Wilson of Pennsylvania proposed that taxesshould calculate representation. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney agreed. Hesaid that the South would be willing to pay higher taxes to receive morerepresentation. Then he included that they should specifically writeslaves in the Constitution so the Legislature would not eliminate them in arepresentation formula. This angered Wilson. South Carolina may havebeen pushing it too far, but slaves were the basis of their society. (MeeJr. 223 - 224)Without slaves the southern society would perish. Many plantation ownerscould not maintain their land without their slaves. South Carolina andGeorgia clearly could not do without slaves. They argued that slavery wasin the best interest of the union. It brought in large profits. SouthCarolina could not and would not stop the slave trade. Mr. CotesworthPinckney argued "South Carolina can never receive 'the plan' if itprohibits the slave trade. South Carolina and Georgia cannot do withouttheir slaves. As to Virginia, she will gain by stopping the slave trade.Her slaves will rise in value, and she has more than she wants already." Hemotioned that the date of slave importation to be changed from 1800 to1808. This would allow them twenty years to reestablish their way oflife. Mr. Madison, the unofficial secretary of the convention, opposed themotion, but it passed. The slaves were there to stay. (Mee Jr. 252 -   ;254) Mr. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, always thinking in the best interest ofhis state, was opposed
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